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搜尋:posture

63 金恩(King)由艾爾斯(Ayres)的感覺統合理論中,提出應用於慢性精神分裂症病患的感覺統合參考架構,下列敘述何者錯誤?
(A)可在病患身上觀察到身體會呈現C曲線的姿勢(C-curve posture)
(B)此參考架構關注的有5個主要部分:平衡、姿勢、關節活動度、自發性的動作、矯正不正常的髖部及肩膀姿勢
(C)患者將手抬高超過頭有困難
(D)降落傘活動便是運用此理論於職能治療

編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
答案:A
難度:適中
最佳解!
Ruru 小五下 (2018/03/20)     10    
脊椎成 S 型 ,因錯誤.....看完整...


(內容隱藏中)
查看隱藏文字
  In the early 1960s Wilt Chamberlain was one of only three players in the National Basketball Association (NBA) listed at over seven feet. If he had played last season, however, he would have been one of 42. The bodies playing major professional sports have changed dramatically over the years, and managers have been more than willing to adjust team uniforms to fit the growing numbers of bigger, longer frames.   The trend in sports, though, may be obscuring an unrecognized reality: Americans have generally stopped growing. Though typically about two inches taller now than 140 years ago, today''s people- especially those born to families who have lived in the U.S. for many generations- apparently reached their limit in the early 1960s. And they aren’t likely to get any taller. In the general population today, at this genetic, environmental level, we''ve pretty much gone as far as we can go, says anthropologist William Cameron Chumlea of Wright State University. In the case of NBA players, their increase in height appears to result from the increasingly common practice of recruiting players from all over the world.   Growth, which rarely continues beyond the age of 20, demands calories and nutrients–notably, protein–to feed expanding tissues. At the start of the 20th century, under-nutrition and childhood infections got in the way. But as diet and health improved, children and adolescents have, on average, increased in height by about an inch and a half every 20 years, a pattern known as the secular trend in height. Yet according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, average height- 5′9〞for men, 5′4〞for women- hasn''t really changed since 1960.   Genetically speaking, there are advantages to avoiding substantial height. During childbirth, larger babies have more difficulty passing through the birth canal. Moreover, even though humans have been upright for millions of years, our feet and back continue to struggle with bipedal posture and cannot easily withstand repeated strain imposed by oversize limbs. There are some real constraints that are set by the genetic architecture of the individual organism, says anthropologist William Leonard of Northwestern University.   Genetic maximums can change, but don''t expect this to happen soon. Claire C. Gordon, senior anthropologist at the Army Research Center in Natick, Mass, ensures that 90 percent of the uniforms and workstations fit recruits without alteration. She says that, unlike those for basketball, the length of military uniforms has not changed for some time. And if you need to predict human height in the near future to design a piece of equipment, Gordon says that by and large, you could use today’s data and feel fairly confident.
【題組】33. On which of the following statements would the author most probably agree?   
(A) Non-Americans add to the average height of the nation.   
(B) Human height is conditioned by the upright posture.   
(C) Americans are the tallest on average in the world.   
(D) Larger babies tend to become taller in adulthood.

編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
答案:B
難度:適中
In the early 1960s Wilt Chamberlain was one of only three players in the National Basketball Association (NBA) listed at over seven feet. If he had played last season, however, he would have been one of 42. The bodies playing major professional sports have changed dramatically over the years, and managers have been more than willing to adjust team uniforms to fit the growing numbers of bigger, longer frames. The trend in sports, though, may be obscuring an unrecognized reality: Americans have generally stopped growing. Though typically about two inches taller now than 140 years ago, today’s people - especially those born to families who have lived in the U.S. for many generations - apparently reached their limit in the early 1960s. And they aren’t likely to get any taller. “In the general population today, at this genetic, environmental level, we’ve pretty much gone as far as we can go,” says anthropologist William Cameron Chumlea of Wright State University. In the case of NBA players, their increase in height appears to result from the increasingly common practice of recruiting players from all over the world. Growth, which rarely continues beyond the age of 20, demands calories and nutrients - notably, protein - to feed expanding tissues. At the start of the 20th century, under-nutrition and childhood infections got in the way. But as diet and health improved, children and adolescents have, on average, increased in height by about an inch and a half every 20 years, a pattern known as the secular trend in height. Yet according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, average height - 5′9″ for men, 5′4″ for women - hasn’t really changed since 1960. Genetically speaking, there are advantages to avoiding substantial height. During childbirth, larger babies have more difficulty passing through the birth canal. Moreover, even though humans have been upright for millions of years, our feet and back continue to struggle with bipedal posture and cannot easily withstand repeated strain imposed by oversize limbs. “There are some real constraints that are set by the genetic architecture of the individual organism,” says anthropologist William Leonard of Northwestern University. Genetic maximums can change, but don’t expect this to happen soon. Claire C. Gordon, senior anthropologist at the Army Research Center in Natick, Mass., ensures that 90 percent of the uniforms and workstations fit recruits without alteration. She says that, unlike those for basketball, the length of military uniforms has not changed for some time. And if you need to predict human height in the near future to design a piece of equipment, Gordon says that by and large, “you could use today’s data and feel fairly confident.”
【題組】33.On which of the following statements would the author most probably agree?
(A) Non-Americans add to the average height of the nation.
(B) Human height is conditioned by the upright posture.
(C) Americans are the tallest on average in the world.
(D) Larger babies tend to become taller in adulthood.

編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
答案:B
難度:適中
64 對代償性治療法(compensatory treatment procedures)的描述,下列何者正確?
(A)頭後仰姿勢(chin up posture)是利用重力運送食物,常配合用力吞嚥法(effortful swallow)治療
(B)轉頭(head rotation)姿勢主要將頭轉向功能正常的一側,以便將食物導入正常側的梨狀窩
(C)傾頭(head tilt)姿勢是將頭傾向功能好的一側,以重力引導食物至正常側的下咽部
(D)喉部閉合不足時可採行頭低(chin down posture)及傾頭(head tilt)的治療姿勢

編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
答案:C
難度:適中

10
 【站僕】摩檸Morning:有沒有達人來解釋一下?
倒數 23時 ,已有 0 則答案


6. During the training, the physiotherapist asked those in the matched condition to match their partners’ posture: to _____ their partners’ movements and postural changes by mirroring what their partners did with their torso.
(A)ascribe
(B)lounge
(C)reciprocate
(D)upbraid

編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
答案:C
難度:適中
1F
Hsiu Chun Yan 國三上 (2014/04/29)     4    
reciprocate (vt.)互換,交換,報答,使往復運動(vi.)往復運動,互換,酬答
2F
Dex Shih 高三上 (2014/05/01)     4    
torso - 軀幹
3F
Janette Lai 國三上 (2014/05/07)     6    
physiotherapist 理療醫師
ascribe (vt.)歸因於,歸咎於
upbraid (vt.)譴責,責罵,申斥