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  • 歐洲聯盟 3 by 教甄◆教育專業科目
    歐洲聯盟(簡稱歐盟)是一個跨政府、超國家的聯盟,其25個民主國家稱為成員國。歐盟在1992年透過《歐洲聯盟條約》(也稱《馬斯特里赫特條約》)成立。However, many aspects of ..
53. “Experience may possibly be the best teacher, but it is not a particularly good teacher.” You might think that Winston Churchill or perhaps Mark Twain spoke those words, but they actually come from James March, a predecessor at Stanford University and a pioneer in the field of organization decision making. 53For years March (possibly be wisest philosopher of management) has studied how humans think and act, and he continues to do so in his new book The Ambiguities of Experience. He begins by reminding us of just how firmly we have been sticking to the idea of experiential learning: “Experience is respectedexperience is soughtexperience is explained.” The problem is that learning from experience involves (涉及)serious complications(复杂化),ones that are part of the nature of experience itself and which March discusses in the body of this book. In one interesting part of book,for example,he turns a double eye toward the use of stories as the most effective way of experiential learning. 55In our efforts to make stories interesting, he argues, we lose part of the complicated truth of things. He says “The more accurately (精确的)reality is presented,the less understandable the story,and the more understandable the story, the less realistic it is.” Besides being a broadly knowledgeable researcherMarch is also a poet, and his gift shines though in the depth of views he offers and the simple language he uses. Though the book is short, it is demanding:54Don’t pick it up looking for quick, easy lessons. Rather, be ready to think deeply about learning from experience in work and life. According to the text, James March is .
(A) a poet who uses experience in his writing
(B) a teacher who teachers story writing in university
(C) a researcher who studies the way humans think and act
(D) a professor who helps organizations make important decisions
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答案:C
難度:適中
1. Chinese reformers argue that real improvement will come only if police subject themselves to ______ by prosecutorsoffices.
(A) predecessor
(B) oversight
(C) advocacy
(D) allegation
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答案:B
難度:困難
1F
Viva Lin 高三上 (2014/01/24 20:35)
oversight:
N-UNCOUNT 照管;监督;负责 If someone has oversight of a process or system, they are responsible for making sure that it works efficiently and correctly.  
  • ...a new system, where there'll be greater oversight of doctors...

    加强医生监管的新体制

  • I had the oversight of their collection of books and manuscripts...

    我负责照管他们收藏的书籍和手稿。

  • The UN will also be given a loose oversight role.

    联合国还将被赋予宽泛的监督职责。

2F
fuyen523 國二下 (2014/03/15 14:03)
oversight -- n.  , oversee  --v.   
When does the simple digital tracking of your location and movements start to be truly revealing? When do the data points and inferences that can be drawn from it strongly suggest, say, trips to a psychiatrist, a mosque, an abortion clinic, a strip club or an AIDS treatment center? The answer, according to a new research paper, is about a week, when the data portrait of a person becomes sufficiently detailed to (37) as an “unreasonable search” and a potential violation of an individual’s Fourth Amendment rights. The research paper, a collaboration of computer scientists and lawyers, wades into the debate over the legal and policing implications of modern data collection and analysis technology. It explores (38) in legal circles is called the “mosaic theory” of the Fourth Amendment, which essentially states that when linked and analyzed by software, a much richer picture emerges from combined information than from discrete data points. The main technology for making these inferences is machine learning, a branch of artificial intelligence. In the paper, the authors write that their goal was “to identify the (39) at which enough is enough—the point at which long-term government surveillance becomes objectively unreasonable.” The issue of when location data and analysis might (40) a violation of the Fourth Amendment came up most prominently in a Supreme Court case, United States v. Jones, in 2012. In the case, Antoine Jones, a nightclub owner in Washington, D.C., was suspected by the police of dealing drugs. The local police, working with federal agents, put a GPS tracking device on his car, without a warrant, and gathered his location data for four weeks. Mr. Jones was (41) convicted of drug trafficking conspiracy, based in part on thousands of pages of location information sent from the GPS tracker over 28 days. But then the Supreme Court ruled for Mr. Jones, saying his Fourth Amendment rights had been violated because placing the GPS device on his car, without a warrant and without his knowledge, was “an unauthorized physical intrusion,” as if someone had come into his home.
【題組】39.
(A)predecessor
(B)sanction
(C)threshold
(D)validity
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答案:C
難度:困難
10
 【站僕】摩檸Morning:有沒有達人來解釋一下?
倒數 5天 ,已有 0 則答案


1. A ________ is a market containing a single firm, with no presence of competition.
(A)hurricane
(B)monopoly
(C) predecessor
(D) tournament
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答案:B
難度:適中
1F
Get my goal 高二下 (2014/12/30 15:37)
(A)hurricane 颶風,暴風雨
(B)monopoly 壟斷
(C) predecessor 前任;前輩
(D) tournament 比賽;錦標賽;聯賽
Questions 30-39 The lack of printing regulations and the unenforceabiliy of British copyright law in the American colonies made it possible for colonial printers occasionally to act as publishers. Although they rarely undertook major publishing project because it was difficult to sell books as cheaply as they could be imported from Europe, printers in (5) Philadelphia did publish work that required only small amounts of capital, paper, and type. Broadsides could be published with minimal financial risk. Consisting of only one sheet of paper and requiring small amounts of type, broadsides involved lower investments of capital than longer works. Furthermore, the broadside format lent itselt to subjects of high, if temporary, interest, enabling them to meet with ready sale. If the broadside printer (10) miscalculated, however, and produced a sheet that did not sell, it was not likely to be a major loss, and the printer would know this immediately, There would be no agonizing wait with large amounts of capital tied up, books gathering dust on the shelves, and creditors impatient for payment In addition to broadsides, books and pamphlets, consisting mainly of political tracts, (15) catechisms, primers, and chapbooks were relatively inexpensive to print and to buy. Chapbook were pamphlet-sized books, usually containing popular tales, ballads, poems, short plays, and jokes, small, both in formal and number of pages, they were generally bound simply, in boards (a form of cardboard) or merely stitched in paper wrappers (a sewn antecedent of modern-day paperbacks). Pamphlets and chapbooks did not require (20) fine paper or a great deal of type to produce they could thus be printed in large, costeffective editions and sold cheaply. By far, the most appealing publishing investments were to be found in small books that had proven to be steady sellers, providing a reasonably reliable source of income for the publisher. They would not, by nature, be highly topical or political, as such publications (25) would prove of fleeting interest. Almanacs, annual publications that contained information on astronomy and weather patterns arranged according to the days, week, and months of a given year, provided the perfect steady seller because their information pertained to the locale in which they would be used
【題組】34.The word "antecedent" in line 19 is closest in meaning to
(A) predecessor
(B)format
(C) imitation
(D) compontent
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答案:A
難度:困難