68．Ireland has had a verydifficulthistory. The problemsstarted in the 16th centurywhenEnglishrulerstried to conquer(征服) Ireland. For hundreds of years, the Irishpeoplefoughtagainst the English. Finally, in 1921, the Britishgovernment was forced to giveindependence to the south of Ireland. The result is thattodaythere are two “Irelands”. NorthernIreland, in the north, is part of the UnitedKingdom. The Republic of Ireland, in the south, is an independentcountry.
In the 1840s the maincrop, potatoes, was affected by disease and about 750,000 peopledied of hunger. This, and a shortage (短缺) of work , forcedmanypeople to leaveIreland and live in the USA, the UK, Australia and Canada. As a result of theseproblems, the populationfellfrom 8.2 million in 1841 to 6.6 million in 1851.
For manyyears, the majority of Irishpeopleearnedtheirliving as farmers. Today, manypeoplestillwork on the land but more and morepeople are moving to the cities to work in factories and offices. Life in the cities is verydifferentfromlife in the countryside, wherethingsmove at a quieter and slowerpace.
The Irish are famous for beingwarm-hearted and friendly, OscarWilde, a famousIrishwriter, oncesaidthat the Irishwere “the greatesttalkerssince the Greeks”, Sinceindependence, Ireland has revived(复兴) its own culture of music, language, literature and singing. Differentareashavedifferentstyles of old Irishsongswhich are sungwithoutinstruments. Otherkinds of Irishmusic use manydifferentinstrumentssuch as the violin, whistles, etc.
Whatdoes the authortell us in paragraph 1?
(A)．How the Irishfoughtagainst the English.
(C)．How Englishrulerstried to conquerIreland.
(D)．How two ”Irelands” cameintobeing.
72. A rainforest is an areacovered by talltreeswiththetotalhighrainfallspreadingquiteequallythroughtheyear and the temperaturerarelydippingbelow l6℃.Rainforestshave a greateffect on the worldenvironmentbecausethey can take in heatfromthesun and adjust the climate. Without the forestcover，theseareaswouldreflectmoreheatintotheatmosphere，warming the rest of the world. Losingtherainforests may alsoinfluencewind and rainfallpatterns，potentiallycausingcertainnaturaldisasters all over the world.
In the pasthundredyears，humanshavebegundestroyingrainforests in search of threemajorresources(资源)：land for crops，wood for paper and otherproducts，land for raisingfarmanimals. Thisactionaffects the environment as a whole. For example，a lot of carbondioxide(二氧化碳)in the air comesfromburning the rainforests. Peopleobviouslyhave a need for theresources we gainfromcuttingtrees but we willsuffermuchmorethan we willbenefit.
There are two mainreasons for this. Firstly，whenpeople cut downtrees，generallytheycanonly use the land for a year or two. Secondly，cuttinglargesections of rainforests may provideagoodsupply of woodright now，but in the long run it actuallyreduces the world’s woodsupply.
Rainforests are oftencalled the world’s drugstore. Morethan 25％ of the medicines we usetodaycomefromplants in rainforests. However，fewerthan l％of rainforestplantshavebeenexamined for theirmedicalvalue. It is extremelylikelythat our bestchance to curediseasesliessomewhere in the world’s shrinkingrainforests.
Rainforests can help to adjust the climatebecausethey ________.
(A). reflectmoreheatinto the atmosphere (B). bringabouthighrainfallthroughout the world (C). rarelycause the temperature to droplowerthan l6℃
(D). reduce the effect of heatfrom the sun on the earth
41.One evening in February 2007, a studentnamedPaulaCeelybrought her car to a stop on a remoteroad in Wales. She got out to open a metalgatethatblocked her path .That’s when she heard the whistlesounded by the driver of a train. Her RenaultClio was parkedacross a railwayline. Secondslater, she watched the traindrag her car almost a kilometredown the railwaytracks.
Ceely’s nearmissmade the newsbecause she blamed it on he GPS (导航仪). She had neverdriven the routebefore. It was dark and rainingheavily. Ceely was relying on her GPS, but it made no mention of the crossing. “I put my completetrust in the device and it led me rightinto the path of a speedingtrain,” she told the BB (C)
Who is to blamehere? RickStevenson, who tellsCeely’s story in his bookWhenMachinesFail Us, points the finger at the limitations of technology. We put our faith in digitaldevices, he says, but our digitalhelpers are too often not up to the job. They are filledwithsmallproblems. And it’s not just GPS devices: Stevensontakes us on a tour of digitaldisastersinvolvingeverythingfrommobilephones to wirelesskeyboards.
The problemwith his argument in the book is that it’s not clear why he onlyfocuses on digitaltechnology, whilethere may be a number of otherpossiblecauses. A map-makermighthaveleft the crossing off a paper map. Maybe we shouldblameCeely for not payingattention. Perhaps the railwayauthorities are at fault for poorsingallingsystem. Or maybesomeone has studied the relativedangers and worked out thattherereally is somethingspecificwrongwith the GPS equipment. But Stevensondoesn’t say.
It’s a problemthatrunsthrough the book. In a section on cars, Stevensongives an account of the advancedtechniquesthatcriminals use to defeatcomputer-basedlockingsystems for cars. He offers two independentsets of figures on car theft; bothshow a smallrise in someparts of the country. He saysthatonceagain not all new lockshaveprovedreliable. Perhaps, but maybe it’s also due to the shortage of policemen on the streets. Or changingsocialcircumstances. Or somecombination of thesefactors.
The gamebetweenhumans and theirsmartdevices is amusing and complex. It is shaped by economics and psychology and the cultures we live in. Somewhere in the mix of thoseforcesthere may be a way for a wiser use of technology.
If there is such a way, it shouldinvolvemorethanjust an awareness of the shortcomings of our machines. After all, we havelivedwiththem for thousands of years. Theyhaveprobablybeenfooling us for just as long.
What did PaulaCeelythink was the cause of her accident？
(A) She was not familiarwith the road.
(B) It was dark and rainingheavilythen.
CTherailwayworkersfailed to give the signal.
(D) Her GPS devicedidn’t tell her about the crossing.
43. Which of the following is the mostappropriatetopicsentence for the paragraphbelow?
(B) Communitycolleges are verypopularnowadays.
(C) Attending a two-yearcollege has severaladvantages.
(D) Highschoolgraduatesshould be discouragedfromattending a four-yearuniversity.
_______________ Going to a two-yearcollege can save up to ten thousanddollars in tuitionfees. All the coursecreditsthat are accumulated can be transferred to a four-yearuniversity.
Moreover, if the college is nearby, there are no room and boardcosts.
題型二：(第 43 至 45 題) 下面三篇段落各少了一個句子，請依各段文意選出一個最恰當的選項。 【題組】44. Which of the following can best fit into the blank in the paragraphbelow?
(A) two capsules per meal per day are suggested (B) effectshave on immunefunction and learningdisabilities (C) we mustacquirethemfrom our diet (D) the besttherapeuticlevels for you based on lifestyle and generalhealthThere are about 50 essentialelements our bodiesrequire for everydayhealth and for longevity.
They are considered “essential” because our bodiescannotproducethem; _______________.
Most of theseessentialelements are vitamins, minerals and aminoacids, but two are the essentialfattyacidsknown as omega 3 and omega 6.