Universities are institution that teach a wide variety of subjects at advanced levels. They also carry out research work aimed _67_ extending man’s knowledge of these subjects. The emphasis given to each of these functions _68_ from university to university, according to the views of the people in _69_ and according to the resources available. The smaller and newer universities do not _70_ the staff or equipment to carry out the _71_ research projects possible in larger institutions. _72_ most experts agree that some research activity is _73_ to keep the staff and their students in _74_ with the latest developments in their subjects.
Most students attend a university mainly to _75_ the knowledge needed for their chosen _76_. Educationists believe that this aim should not be the _77_ one. Universities have always aimed to produce men and women _78_ judgment and wisdom as well as knowledge. For this reason, they _79_ students to meet others with differing _80_ and to read widely to _81_ their understanding in many fields of study. _82_ a secondary school course, a student should be interested enough in a subject to enjoy gaining knowledge for its own _83_. He should be prepared to _84_ sacrifices to study his chosen _85_ in depth. He should have an ambition to make some 86 contribution to man’s knowledge.
A wunderkind University of Pennsylvania professor, Glenn McGee, published a book on genetics
field. The bioethicist 11 a time when we’ll do genetic testing at home with a device the size of an
iPod. The machine will offer daily downloads, he says, about our changing cells and the tendencies we
not only 12 but also develop. This precise map of our genes will tell us what to eat and what things
to avoid, and will allow us to have drugs 13 for us. McGee sees a future in which 14 genetic
material will allow us to create everything from custom wonder drugs to engineered foods to designer
babies. What he hopes the book will 15 are the questions we need to start asking fast: Are these
things desirable? Who will have oversight? Who will own the knowledge gained from our genes?
【題組】15. (A) provoke (B) constitute (C) enthrall (D) ruminate