1552   It's urgent to ______ the ruined building in the devastating earthquake.
Lovely Pei 高二下 (2012/03/13 14:54)

(A) restrict   v. 限制; 限定; 約束

(B) resist     v. 抵抗, 反抗; 抗拒

(C) restore   v. 恢復, 復原

(D) replace  v. 把...放回(原處), 取代; 以...代替
The brain that revolutionized physics now can be downloaded as an app for US$9.99 (NT$290). While Albert Einstein’s genius isn’t included, an exclusive iPad application launched Tuesday promises to make detailed images of his brain more _16_ to scientists than ever before. Teachers, students and anyone who’s curious also can get a look. A medical museum under development in Chicago obtained funding to scan and digitize nearly 350 fragile and priceless slides made from slices of Einstein’s brain after his death in 1955. The application will _17_ researchers and novices to peer the eccentric Nobel winner’s brain as if they were looking through a microscope. After Einstein died, a pathologist named Thomas Harvey performed an autopsy, removing the great man’s brain _18_ future researchers could discover the secrets behind his genius. Harvey gave samples to researchers and collaborated on a 1999 study _19_ in the Lancet. That study showed that a region of Einstein’s brain — the parietal lobe — was 15 percent wider than normal. The parietal lobe is important to the _20_ of math, language and spatial relationships. The new iPad app may allow researchers to dig even deeper by looking for brain regions where the neurons are more densely connected than normal.
fipher35 高一下 (2013/11/30 14:07)

--《中英對照讀新聞》Einstein’s brain is now interactive iPad app 愛因斯坦的大腦現在成為iPad互動應用程式 

2012-10-02  ◎陳維真

Homework has never been terribly popular with students and even many parents, but in recently years it has been particularly scorned. School districts across the country, most recently Los Angeles Unified, are revising their thinking on this educational ritual. Unfortunately, L.A. Unified has produced an inflexible policy which mandates that with the exception of some advanced courses, homework may no longer count for more than 10% of a student’s academic grade. This rule is meant to address the difficulty that students from impoverished or chaotic homes might have in completing their homework. But the policy is unclear and contradictory. Certainly, no homework should be assigned that students cannot complete on their own or that they cannot do without expensive equipment. But if the district is essentially giving a pass to students who do not do their homework because of complicated family lives, it is going riskily close to the implication that standards need to be lowered for poor children. District administrators say that homework will still be a part of schooling; teachers are allowed to assign as much of it as they want. But with homework counting for no more than 10% of their grades, students can easily skip half their homework and see very little difference on their report cards. Some students might do well on state tests without completing their homework, but what about the students who performed well on the tests and did their homework? It is quite possible that the homework helped. Yet rather than empowering teachers to find what works best for their students, the policy imposes a flat, across-the-board rule. At the same time, the policy addresses none of the truly thorny questions about homework. If the district finds homework to be unimportant to its students’ academic achievement, it should move to reduce or eliminate the assignments, not make them count for almost nothing. Conversely, if should account for a significant portion of the grade. Meanwhile, this policy does nothing to ensure that the homework students receive is meaningful or appropriate to their age and the subject, or that teachers are not assigning more than they are willing to review and correct. The homework rules should be put on hold while the shool board, which is responsible for setting educational policy, looks into the matter and conducts public hearings. It is not too late for L.A. Unified to do homework right.
【題組】23. According to Paragraph 3’one problem with the policy is that it may____.
(A)discourage students from doing homework
(B)result in students’ indifference to their report cards
(C)undermine the authority of state tests
(D)restrict teachers’ power in education
In2010, a federal judge shook America’s biotech industry to its core. Companies had won patents for isolated DNA for decades-by 2005 some 20% of human genes were patented .But in March 2012 a judge ruled that genes were unpatentable. Executives were violently agitated. The Biotechnology Industry Organisation (BIO), a trade group, assured members that this was just a “preliminary step” in a longer battle On July 29th they were relieved, at least temporarily. A federal appeals court overturned the prior decision, ruling that Muriad Genetics could indeed hold patents to two genes that help forecast a woman’s risk of breast cancer .The chief executive of Mytiad, a company in Utah, said the ruling was a blessing to firms and patients alike. But as companies continue their attempts at personalised medicine, the courts will remain rather busy. The Myriad case itself is probably not over. Critics make three main arguments against gene patents: a gene is a product of nature, so it may not be patented; gene patents suppress innovation rather than reward it; and patents monopolies restrict access to genetic tests such as Myriads A growing number seem to agree. Last year a federal task-force urged reform for patents related to genetic tests. In October the Department of Justice filed a brief in the Myriad case, arguing that an isolated DNA molecule “is no less a product of nature…than are cotton fibres that have been separated from cotton seeds.” Despite the appeals court’s decision, big questions remain unanswered. For example, it is unclear whether the sequencing of a whole genome violates the patents of individual genes within it. The case may yet reach the Supreme Court. As the industry advances, however, other suits may have an even greater impact. Companies are unlikely to file many more patents for human DNA molecules-most are unlikely patented or in the public domain. Firms are now studying how genes interact, looking for correlations that might be used to determine the causes of disease or predict a drug’s efficacy. Companies are eager to win patents for “connecting the dots,” explains Hans Sauer, a lawyer for the BIO. Their success may be determined by a suit related to this issue, brought by the Mayo Clinic, which the Supreme Court will hear in its next term. The BIO recently held a convention which included sessions to coach lawyer on the shifting landscape for patents. Each meeting was packed.
【題組】32. Those who are against gene patents believe that_____.
(A) genetic tests are not reliable
(B) only man-made products are patentable
(C) patants on genes depend much on innovation
(D) courts should restrict access to genetic tests
Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some question. Both the passage and the question will be spoken only once.. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked
(C) and
(D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Passage One

(A) Expand operating areas.
(C) Limit the use of waterscooters.
(B) Restrict operating hours.
(D) Enforce necessary regulations. Passage Two