While going global, small business owners should take the issue of corruption into consideration, which will certainly ______ their sales and deals overseas.
(A)sabotage (B) administer (C) percolate (D)stigmatize
1.VERB （想法、感觉、信息）蔓延，逐渐流传 If an idea, feeling, or piece of informationpercolates through a group of people or a thing, it spreads slowly through the group or thing.
New fashions took a long time to percolate down.
...all of these thoughts percolated through my mind.
There is no percolation of political ideas from the membership to the leadership.
2.V-ERG （用渗滤式咖啡壶滤煮） When you percolate coffee or when coffee percolates, you prepare it in a percolator.
She percolated the coffee and put croissants in the oven to warm.
3.VERB 渗透；渗漏；渗入 To percolate somewhere means to pass slowly through something that has very small holes or gaps in it.
Rain water will only percolate through slowly.
8. After 20 years of teaching at a university, my wife and I wanted a ____ from our professional lives, so we considered the possibility of an extended period in another country. (A) sabotage (B) sacrament (C) sabbatical (D) salutation
Knowing the origin of a word can give you a clearer understanding of the word. For example, the word sabotage means “the intentional destruction of materials, machines, or some process of production.” The meaning of the term becomes clear when you learn that sabotage comes from the French word sabat, meaning “wooden shoe,” and it was coined during the French Revolution when workers sabotaged French factories by throwing their shoes into the machinery.
Looking up the origin of a word also reminds you that language is constantly changing, with old words gaining new meanings and new words being born. The word chauvinist, for example, was never used before 1815. It was coined as a result of the fanatic loyalty of a French soldier, Nicolas Chauvin, to Napoleon. Thus, chauvinism has come to mean blind attachment to something, such as one’s beliefs or, as it is commonly used today, one’s sex. The word boycott is another word that has a relatively recent origin, and it also originated from a person’s name. In the 1880s, during the struggle between British landowners and Irish tenant farmers, a man by the name of Captain Charles Boycott was hired to collect the rent from the farmers on a large estate in County Mayo. The impoverished Irish peasants, however, got together and decided to ignore Captain Boycott by refusing to pay and expelling him. 【題組】44 According to this passage, which of the following statements is true?
(A)The words “sabotage,” “chauvinism,” and “boycott” were all coined during the French Revolution.
(B)The words “sabotage,” “chauvinism,” and “boycott” all have negative implications.
(C)The words “sabotage,” “chauvinism,” and “boycott” all originated from people’s names.
(D)The words “sabotage,” “chauvinism,” and “boycott” all came from French.
8. After 20 years of teaching at a university, my wife and I wanted a ____ from our professional lives, so we considered the possibility of an extended period in another country.
(A) sabotage (B) sacrament (C) sabbatical (D) salutation