Unlikethoseavailable for painting, the opportunities to exhibitsculpture in the United-Statesaround the turn of the twentiethcenturywerequitescarce. There was almost no room for sculpture at the influentialFineArtsSociety's 57th StreetGalleriesLine in New York. As late as 1905, the MonumentalNews, a journaldedicated to the
5 promotion of sculpture, lamented, "Exhibitions of sculptors' works are so comparativelyrare." In response to thisdirepredicament, (he sculptorFrederick W. Ruckstull and Charles de Kay, art editor of the newspaper The New YorkTimes, founded the NationalSculptureSociety (NSS) in 1893, the firstorganizationdedicatedsolely to the advancement of sculpture.
10 Incorporated in 1896 to promotesculpturalproduction and encourage the exhibition and sale of the plasticarts, the NationalSculptureSociety (NSS) electedJohnQuincyAdamsWard (1830-1910), the prestigioussculptor of publicmonuments, to serve as its firstpresident, an office he heldfrom 1893 to 1905. During the lasttwentyyears of his life, warddedicatedmuchtime to public and privateorganizationsthatpromotedpublic
15 art. To the end, he headed the NSS committeethatoversaw the sculpturaldecoration of the Library of CongressReadingRoom in Washington D.C. as well as the building and decorating of the DeweyArch—a monument in New York to honorAdmiralGeorgeDewey. He was a champion of the CityBeautifulMovement— an effort to increase the presence of urban art—and defended the centralrolethatsculptureplayed in its national
The NationalSculptureSocietypromoted the production of sculpture by standardizingprocedures for competitions, enhancing the professionalstatus of sculptors, and encouragingcommissions for Americansculpture in homes, publicbuildings, parks, and squares. Moreover, ii includedmembers in its organization who were not sculptors,
25 hoping to close the gap betweenartists and the greatbody of the people, not merelywell-to-do patrons, bui the workingpublic. The NSS encouraged the commission and purchase of sculptures for bothprivateconsumption—home and garden—and for publicenjoyment—parks and squares. Throughthiscampaign, small-scalesculptures—eitherreductions of monumentalartworks or smaller-sizedoriginals—werebrought to the attention of an interestedpublic. 【題組】10. According to the passage, the NationalSculptureSocietypromoted the production of sculpture by doingwhich of the following?
(A) Carrying oui activitiesthatincreased the public's respect for sculptors (B) Replacing old sculptures in publicplaceswith new ones (C) Increasing the number of sculpturalcompetitions (D) Encouragingprivatesculpturelessons in homes