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搜尋:susceptibility

06. The suspect’s _______ in the face of evidence indicating his involvement in the horrific murder sent a shudder through the prosecutors.
(A) implausibility
(B) imperturbability
(C) perceptibility
(D) susceptibility
編輯私有筆記
答案:B
難度:適中
3F
Viva Lin 高三上 (2013/07/07 14:01)
  1. perceptibility

    KK[pɚ͵sɛptəˋbɪlətɪ]DJ[pə͵septəˋbiliti]
    • n.名詞
      1. 可感知性, 可察覺性; 可辨性[U]

4F
Viva Lin 高三上 (2013/07/07 14:02)
susceptibility
  • n.名詞
    1. 易受感動性; 多情

    2. 易受影響的氣質

    3. 敏感性

    4. 【電】磁化率

5F
艾游 高一上 (2015/06/03 16:54)
補:   perturb 使擔心
Supersize surprise Ask anyone why there is an obesity epidemic and they will tell you that it’s al down to eating too much and burning too few calories. That explanation appeals to common sense and has dominated efforts to get to the root of the obesity epidemic and reverse it/ yet obesity researchers are increasingly dissatisfied with it. Many now believe that something else must have changed in our environment to precipitate(促成) such dramatic rises in obesity over the past 40 years or so. Nobody is saying that the “big two” – reduced physical activity and increased availability of food – are not important contributors to the epidemic, but they cannot explain it all. Earlier this year a review paper by 20 obesity experts set out the 7 most plausible alternative explanations for the epidemic. Here they are.there may be a link. People who sleep less than 7 hours a night tend to have a higher body mass index than people who sleep more, according to data gathered by the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Similarly, the US NursesHealth Study, which tracked 68,000 women for 16 years, found that those who slept an average of 5 hours a night gained more weight during the study period than women who slept 6 hours, who in turn gained more than whose who slept 7. It’s well known that obesity impairs sleep, so perhaps people get fat first and sleep less afterwards. But the nursesstudy suggests that it can work in the other direction too: sleep loss may precipitate weight gain. Although getting figures is difficult, it appears that we really are sleeping less. In 1960 people in the US slept an average of 8.5 hours per night. A 2002 poll by the National Sleep Foundation suggests that the average has fallen to under 7 hours, and the decline is mirrored by the increase in obesity. Climate control We humans, like all warm-blooded animals, can keep our core body temperatures pretty much constant regardless of what’s going on in the world around us. We do this by altering our metabolic(新陈代新的) rate, shivering or sweating. Keeping warm and staying cool take energy unless we are in the “thermo-neutral zone”, which is increasingly where we choose to live and work. There is no denying that ambient temperatures(环境温度) have changed in the past few decades. Between 1970 and 2000, the average British home warmed from a chilly 13C to 18C. In the US, the changes have been at the other end of the thermometer as the proportion of homes with air conditionings rose from 23% to 47% between 1978 and 1997. In the southern stateswhere obesity rates tend to be highest – the number of houses with air conditioning has shot up to 71% from 37% in 1978. Could air conditioning in summer and heating in winter really make a difference to our weight? Sadlythere is some evidence that it does-at least with regard to heating. Studies show that in comfortable temperatures we use less energy. Less smoking Bad news: smokers really do tend to be thinner than the rest of us,and quitting really does pack on the pounds, though no one isn sure why. It probably has something to do with the fact that nicotine is an appetite suppressant and appears to up your metabolic rate. Katherine Flegal and colleagres at the US National Center for Health Statistics in Hyattsville,Maryland, have calculated that people kicking the habit have been respousible for a small but significant portion of the US epidemic of fatness.From data collected aroud 1991 by the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey,they worked out that people who had quit in the previous decade were much more likely to be overweight than smokers and people who had never smoked .Among men, for example, nearly half of quitters were overweight compared with 37% of non-smokers and only 28%of smokers. Genetic effects Yours chances of becoming fat may be set,at least in part,before you were even born.children of boese mothers are much more likely to become obest themselves later in life.Offspring of mice fed a high-fat diet during pregnancy are much more likely to become fat than the offspring of identical mice fed a normal diet. Intriguingly,the effect persists for two or three generations.Grand-children of mice fed a high-fat diet grow up fat even if their own mother is fed normally-so you fate may have been sealed even before you were conceived. A little olderSome groups of people just happen to be fatter than others.surveys carried out by the US national center for health statisties found that adults aged 40 to 79 were around three times as likely to be obese as younger people.non-white females also tend to fall at the fatter end of the spectreum:Mexican-american women are 30% more likely than white women to be obsess,and black women have twice the risk. In the US,these groups account for an increasing percentage of the population.between 1970 and 2000 the US population aged 35 to 44 grew by 43%.the proportion of Hispanic-americans also grew,from under 5% to 12.5% of the population,while the proportion of black Americans increased from 11% to 12.3%.these changes may account in part for the increased prevalence of obesity. mature mums Mothers around the world are getting older.in the UK,the mean age for aving a frist child is 27.3,compared with 23.7 in 1970 .mean age at frist birth in the US has also increased, rising from 21.4 in 1970 to 24.9 in 2000. This would be neither here nor there if it were’t for the observation that having an older mother seems to be an independent risk factor for obesity. Results from the US national heart,lung and blood institute’s study found that the odds of a child being obese increase 14% for every five extra years of their mother’s age , though why this should be so is not entirely clear. Michael Symonds at the university of Nottingham,UK,found that first-bron children have more fat than younger ones. As family size decreases, firstbrons account for a greather share of the population. In 1964, british women gave birth to an average of 2.95 children;by 2005 that figure had fallen to 1.79. in the US in 1976, 9.6% of woman in their 40s had only one chile;in 2004 it was 17.4%. this combination of older mothers and more single children could be contributing to the obesity epidemic. .Like marrying like Just as people pair off according to looks, so they do for size. Lean people are more likely to marry lean an d fat more likely to marry fat. On its own, like marrying like cannot account for any increase in obesity. But combined with others- particularly the fact that obesity is partly genetic, and that heavier people have more children-it amplifies the increase form other causes.Not enough sleep It is widely believed that sleep is for the brain, not the body. Could a shortage of shut-eye also be helping to make us fat? Several large-scale studies suggest
【題組】33. A. Improved mental functioning C. Speeding up of blood circulation   B. Increased susceptibility to disease D. Reduction of stress-related hormones
編輯私有筆記
答案:D
難度:適中
56 根據研究,長期暴露在噪音下,引發聽損人口有逐漸增加的趨勢,噪音引發聽力損失(noise-induced hearing loss)的因素有那些,下列選項何者最正確?①強度 ②時間 ③頻率 ④個人敏感性(individual susceptibility
(A)①
(B)②③
(C)②③④
(D)①②③④
編輯私有筆記
答案:D
難度:簡單
14. Peaceful activists blockaded logging roads and protested against the global companies funding the destruction until their _________ brought about the successful negotiations.
(A) persecution
(B) insurrection
(C) perseverance
(D) susceptibility
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答案:C
難度:適中
1F
Chun-yi Chen 國二下 (2014/04/30 09:39)

insurrection 叛亂

susceptibility 易感性

2F
羅逸昇 大一上 (2014/06/26 14:38)
blockaded 封鎖;道路阻塞
3F
艾游 高一上 (2015/06/04 16:14)
perseverance 毅力
14.下列何項試驗,最不適合用來鑑定Streptococcus agalactiae
(A)在New Granada medium(NGM)產色素(carotenoid pigment)之能力
(B)CAMP test
(C)Hippurate hydrolysis test
(D)Susceptibility to Sulfamethoxazole-Trimethoprim
編輯私有筆記
答案:D
難度:適中
1F
PPMTPASS 國三上 (2015/05/12 06:11)
A群鏈球菌及B群鏈球菌的Sulfamethoxazole-Trimethoprim(SXT)感受性試驗皆為(R)