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syntactic bootstrapping

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      The syntactic bootstrapping hypothesis (Landau & Gleitman 1985, Gleitman 1990, Gillette et al..
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      From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bootstrapping_(linguistics)    In p..
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    Syntactic bootstrapping is a process about how children acquire a language. Which of the following is the best description of syntactic bootstrapping?
    (A) children use telegraphic speech as a temporary solution in communication
    (B) children use their knowledge of syntax to construe meanings of unknown words
    (C) children are able to supply correct morphemes on novel words according to the sentence structure
    (D) children put words together to form phrases and sentences by analogy, such as by using He is singing as a sample to form He is talking
    ans:B
    難度:適中
    best ans!

    Dex Shih Senior 31st (2012/08/27 20:14):
    學者Gleitman在1990年提出Syntactic Bootstrapping Hypothesis。其要義是說:小朋友在學..

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    Syntactic bootstrapping is a process about how children acquire a language. Which of the following is the best description of syntactic bootstrapping?
    (A) children use telegraphic speech as a temporary solution in communication
    (B) children use their knowledge of syntax to construe meanings of unknown words
    (C) children are able to supply correct morphemes on novel words according to the sentence structure
    (D) children put words together to form phrases and sentences by analogy, such as by using He is singing as a sample to form He is talking
    ans:B
    難度:困難
    note:nonote,add
    標籤: 編輯
    best ans!

    Yun Feng Chang primary 62st (2012/06/23 08:49):
    From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bootstrapping_(linguistics) In psycholinguistics, bootstrapping refers to the question of how language acquisition "gets started." A child gradually acquires a great deal of interlocking knowledge about the structure and vocabulary of his or her language. It has sometimes been proposed that some specific type of linguistic knowledge can be acquired early, and that this enables the child to analyze words or sentences well enough to acquire further knowledge..

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    1F
    Michelle Liu Junior 11st (2012/06/17 16:48):
    Syntactic bootstrapping 的中文翻譯是什麼意思? 又這題在問什麼?不懂

    3F
    Grace Liao primary 42st (2012/07/12 11:12):

    The syntactic bootstrapping hypothesis (Landau & Gleitman 1985,
    Gleitman 1990, Gillette et al. 1999), which corresponds to the latter of these two
    possibilities, depends crucially on these mapping rules. The central claim of this
    theory is that children can observe the syntactic structures in which a novel verb
    occurs and then use that distributional information and the mapping rules
    (coupled with observation of the real-world context of use) to infer important
    information about the meaning of the verb: if a verb is used in X way, then it
    must be describing Y event or Y perspective on some event.

    主要是在說小孩對"字彙"學習的方式,以以語法形式來推想詞意
    小孩可以根據一個字在句法中使用的情形,利用他擁有的句法知識來推測這個字其他更多的使用方式.

    例如: http://www.lsu.edu/cdlab/projects/sli/video2.html

    These video clips are from stimuli that were used in a study published by Oetting (1999). The study examined the syntactic bootstrapping skills of children with SLI to interpret and retain the meanings of novel verbs. Syntactic bootstrapping is the ability to use the surrounding grammar of a sentence to “hone in” on the meaning of a novel verb. Consider the first clip of the monkey and bear and suppose you heard the word Kibbing while you viewed it. What does kibbing mean? It all depends on the syntax that you hear with the word.
    當小孩看到這個影片,並且聽到下面這個句子,句子中出現一個小孩沒聽過的動kibbing, 小朋友會根據這個句子的句法推測此新字字義為"吃"的意思:)If you heard
    The bear is kibbing the monkey, kibbing would mean feeding.

    6.實驗者在四歲小莉的家裡對著她說「請把電視機拿給我」,小莉很疑惑的問實驗者「什麼?」小莉展現 的是那一種能力?
    (A)指示的溝通技巧(referential communication skills)
    (B)電報式言談(telegraphic speech)
    (C)語彙對比侷限(lexical contrast constraint)
    (D)語法線索法(syntactic bootstrapping)
    ans:A
    難度:適中
    note:nonote,add
    11 媽媽跟 3 歲的小卉說:「你幫媽媽把桌上的隨身碟拿給我。」媽媽講完話才想到小卉不知道隨身碟是什 麼,正想再跟她說什麼,小卉已經從桌上把隨身碟拿給媽媽了。她聽得懂「隨身碟」,最可能的解釋為何?
    (A)過度規則化(overregularization)
    (B)語法線索(syntactic bootstrapping)
    (C)小卉的智商很高
    (D)類化作用(generalization)
    ans:B
    難度:非常簡單
    note:nonote,add
    標籤:1解釋作用.. 編輯
    18 兒童利用早期習得的語意架構(如:語意關係,semantic relations)來分析及理解母親話語中所含的 語法元素和結構,這種語言習得的策略稱為:
    (A)語法推論(syntactic reasoning)
    (B)語意鷹架學習(semantic scaffolding learning)
    (C)語意提攜(semantic bootstrapping)
    (D)語法訊息處理(syntactic information processing)
    ans:C
    難度:困難
    note:nonote,add
    標籤:1推論母親.. 編輯