The peoplepotentially in the bestposition to helpshore up Greek’s tatteredfinances are keeping a low profile.
They are among the wealthiestGreeks—whethershippingmagnates, whose tax-freestatus is enshrined in the constitution, or the so-calledoligarchs, who haveaccumulatedvastwealth in coreareaslike oil, gas, media, banking and evencement.
Astuteinvestors, theyhavebeenreluctant to lend a hand to the Greektreasurythrough the riskyproposition of buyinggovernmentbonds. But theyhavealsobeenslow to dispensefunds to philanthropies, trying to combatmountingsocialills. Mainly, though, theyhavedonewhatGreekshavetraditionallydone: pay as little as they can in taxes.
Manyeconomists say the oligarchs are a big part of Greece’s economicproblem, becausetheyhavecapitalized on the insular, quasi-monopolisticapproach to businessthat is one reasontheirnation has longlagged the far morecompetitiveeconomies of manyothereurozonenations. Assessing the ultimatevalue of Greekprivatesectorwealth is a nearlyimpossibletask, becausemuch of the moneyexistsoffshore, secretedaway in Swissbankaccounts or invested in realestate in London and Monaco. Now, with the country’s top vote-getter, the leftistfirebrandAlexisTsipras, talkingaboutnationalizingcompanies and, in the words of his top economicadviser, “taxing the rich,” there is evenmoreincentive for the oligarchs to lie low. 【題組】49. What is the besttitle for thispassage?
(A) Magnates and Oligarchs Lie Low in GreekCrisis (B) The LeftWinsGreekElection (C) Magnates and Oligarchs Go Bankrupt in Greece (D) “Taxing the Rich”—A SuccessfulPolicy
Stayout of publicnotice,avoidattractingattention to oneself
四、 閱讀測驗 每題2分，共18分
(A) In somecountrieswherefoodabounds, obesity has become a problem for a greatnumber of people. Withmore and morepeoplegettingfatter and fatter, they may easilysufferfromheartdisease, which is oftencaused by taking in plenty of fat. Undersuchcircumstances, somedietaryexpertshaveproposedadding tax to fattyfood. Theybelievethat if valueadded tax is put on fattyfood, peoplewillreducetheirconsumption of fat. Theywill cut down on suchfood as full fat milk, cheese, butter, biscuits, buns, cakes, pastries, puddings, and ice cream. If thesethingsbecomehigher-pricedbecause of the added fat tax, the publicwill be morelikely to buy cheaper, lower fat alternatives.
However, somedoctors do not believe in fat tax. Theyarguethat the proposalabovefails to takeintoaccountgeneticfactorsthatmakesomepeoplemorelikely to get heartdiseasethanothers. Theyalsopoint out thatwhenpeopleswitch to lower fat alternatives, theytend to eat more, so they end up taking in the samelevels of fat. Withsuchdividedopinionsabout the practicability of fat tax, an article in The Atlanticevenironicallysuggeststaxing not fatteningfoods or fatteningcompanies, but fat people. The authorarguesthat it is they, after all, who drive up the government's health-carecosts, so it is they, fat people, who should pay. The author, apparently a slimperson, evenproposestaxingpeople by the pound !
【題組】41. Whatdoes the article in The Atlanticironicallysuggest?
(A) Imprisoning fat people. (B) Finingfatteningfood. (C) Taxing fat people. (D) Increasehealth-carecosts.