__31__ had the birth of a babycaused a father so muchdisappointment and rage. WhenElizabeth was born,
the __32__ HenryVIII, King of England, wanted no part of her. He had, after all, divorced his firstwife, brokenrelationswith the CatholicChurch, and marriedAnneBoleyn for the sake of __33__ was supposed to be a maleheir. Boleyn, likeHenry’s firstwife, Catherine of Aragon, failed to give him a son. Afterwards, Henrycontinued
to remarry. Elizabeth, who doubtlessly __34__ marriagewithbetrayal and danger, announcedthat she wouldnevermarry.
WhenElizabethtook the throne, all she wanted was __35__to workimmediately. However, everyoneelsewanted her to marryrightaway. Her sister’s widower, now KingPhilip II of Spain, was the first to offermarriage,
but he was __36__ the last. Through the course of her reign, negotiationswereconductedwithErik of Sweden
and the HapsburgArchdukeCharles, but ultimately, the Queendecided no.
The religiousturmoil of the timesshaped the Queen’s life. Elizabeth was a religiousProtestant who
regardedconvoluteddiscussions of dogma as beside the point. Differentfrom her relatives, she was free of any
__37__. On July 19, 1588, a(n) __38__ threatarosefromabroad: Philip II of Spainintended to attackEngland.
Therefore, ElizabethturnedEngland’s minusculenavyinto a fearsomefightingforce, equipping it with a lighter
and fasterfleetthan __39__. In the __40__ battle, Englandlost 100 men, whileSpainlost 20,000. It was a
humiliatingdefeat for Spain.
【題組】37. (A) inauguration (B) remnant (C) zealotry (D) sediment