- 3.一杯拿鐵咖啡比一杯美式咖啡貴 15 元，姐姐點了一杯拿
鐵咖啡和一杯美式咖啡，共付 95 元，則一杯拿鐵咖啡和
- 2. 東京正舉辦三國志特展，三國志一律八折出售；若購買
10 本(含)以上，還可再享九折優惠。若小澤買了 10 本三國
志共 5256 元，則這 1 本三國志原價是多少元？
- 三、計算題: 12﹪
1. 凱希、凱暄兩姐妹今年的年齡和是 34 歲，7 年後凱希的
年齡剛好是凱暄年齡的 7 倍，則凱希現年幾歲？
Parasite, the stealth hit by legendary director Bong Joon-ho, is a twisted tale of the haves and have-nots. The
extreme disparity between the two families - the affluent Parks and the poor Kims - is shown through their two homes.
One a gleaming mansion up on the hills above Seoul; the other a dingy semi-basement. In real-life Seoul, though,
banjihas are where thousands of young people end up living, while they work hard and hope for a better future.
The banjihas are not just a quirk of Seoul architecture, but a product of history. These tiny spaces actually trace their
roots back decades, to the conflict between North and South Korea. In 1968, North Korean commandos slipped into
Seoul on a mission to assassinate South Korean President Park Chung-hee. The raid was thwarted, but the tension
between the two Koreas intensified. That same year, North Korea also attacked and captured a US Navy spy ship, the
USS Pueblo. Armed North Korean agents infiltrated South Korea, and there were a number of terrorist incidents. Fearing
an escalation, in 1970 the South Korean government updated its building codes, requiring all newly built low-rise
apartment buildings to have basements to serve as bunkers in case of a national emergency. Initially, renting out such
banjiha spaces was illegal. But during the housing crisis in the 1980s, with space running short in the capital, the
government was compelled to legalize these underground spaces to live in. In 2018, the UN noted that despite having the
world’s 11th largest economy, South Korea’s lack of affordable housing was a substantial barrier - particularly for young
people and poorer people.
For under-35s, the rent-to-income ratio has remained at around 50% during the last decade. So the semi-basement
apartments have become an affordable response to rapidly-growing housing prices. Monthly rents are around 540,000
Korean won ($453), with average monthly salaries for people in the 20s around 2m won ($1,679). Nevertheless, some
banjiha dwellers struggle to overcome the social stigma. But not all.
【題組】50. Which of the following phrases is closest in meaning to a banjiha?
(A) Semi-basement apartment.
(B) South Korean housing crisis.
(C) North Korean soldiers’ house.
(D)A bunker for national emergency.
- 【題組】49. How did banjihas become important in Seoul?
(A) They could be easily built in Seoul in 1970s with the help of North Korean soldiers.
(B) They were affordable for younger people and poorer people during the housing crisis.
(C) They were low enough for banks in Seoul to handle nation-wide emergencies in 1980s.
(D)They were needed greatly because North Korean commandos needed places to hide themselves.
- 【題組】48. Which of the following statements about North Korea is NOT true?
(A) North Korean terrorists helped decrease the rent-to-income ratio from 50% to 30%.
(B) North Korean navy in late 1960s had successfully attacked and captured a spy ship of the U.S.
(C) North Korean army once tried to assassinate the President of South Korea but eventually failed.
(D)North Korean agents succeeded in creating terrorist incidents to escalate the tension between the two countries.