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【新聞】研究:母愛決定了孩子大腦的大小?!

發表于: 2012/11/06


 

研究:母愛決定了孩子大腦的大小?!

uho-logo-106x27_074222.jpg優活健康網 – 2012年11月5日 下午4:25

(優活健康網記者談雍雍/編譯)母親對每個剛出生的孩子來說,不僅實質的提供了營養來源「母乳」,更多的是無形的「母愛」!而科學家針對兩個3歲的兒童大腦進行掃描,證實一個令人震驚的結果,母愛對孩子的大腦發育竟有顯著的影響! 令人心酸的圖像顯示,與遭受了極度忽視的3歲兒童的右腦相比,一個正常的3歲兒童的左腦明顯較大,而且斑點和黑暗的「模糊」地區更少。

uho_news_021690.jpg神經科醫生說,此圖像能提供更多的證據,母親對待孩子的方式是很重要的,不僅影響孩子的情感發展,而且也影響他們的大腦大小。專家們說,這兩個大腦存在如此大的差異主要取決於母親對待孩子的差異。

這些圖像顯示,孩子的右腦如同遭受了意外的打擊或疾病。但事實上是,母親的冷漠忽視和虐待造成了兒童大腦萎縮。如果兒童在一個充滿母愛和溫馨的家庭中長大,那麼他的大腦發育得較大且較發達。

研究人員說,大腦掃描圖像的右半部分顯示孩子缺乏一些最基本的區域,這些區域也存在於大腦的左邊。他們說,與右側大腦相比,左側大腦較大的孩子更聰明,而且社交能力也更好。另一方面,大腦右側較小的孩子更容易成為吸毒者和暴力份子,此外,大腦萎縮的孩子更容易患心理疾病和其他嚴重的身體疾病。

美國加州大學洛杉磯分校的教授艾倫斯說,在嬰兒成長的頭兩年,大腦的健康發展與母愛之間存在著重大的關聯。因為80%的腦細胞生長情況在生命的頭兩年決定下來了,且大腦的發展會影響孩子的一生。此外,研究人員說,母親的忽視越嚴重,對孩子的腦損傷影響越明顯。在嬰兒的早期成長由母親關愛撫養長大的兒童更聰明,且有更好的學習能力。

根據發表在《美國國家科學院》上的研究論文指出,聖路易斯華盛頓大學的研究人員發現,媽媽們養育孩子會使得孩子的大腦在早期就擁有較大的海馬體,這是一個關鍵的大腦部位,在學習、記憶的過程中都是不可或缺的。

(照片取自Medical Daily/兩個3歲孩子大腦差異的重要原因在於母親對待他們的方式。)

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