1.Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions:There are 4 passages in this part.Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.
Like many of my generation, I have a weakness for hero worship. At some point, however, we all begin to question our heroes and our need for them. This leads us to ask: What is a hero?
Despite immense differences in cultures, heroes around the world generally share a number of characterstics that instruct and inspire people.
A hero does something worth talking a about. A hero has a story of adventure to tell and a community who will listen. But a hero goes beyond mere fame.
Heroes serve powers or principles larger than themselves. Like highvoltage transformers, heroes take the energy of higher powers and step it down so that it c an be used by ordinary people.
The hero lives a life worthy of imitation. Those who imitate a genuine hero experience life with new depth, enthusiasm, and meaning. A sure test for wouldbe heroes is what or whom do they serve? What are they willing to live and die for? If the answer or evidence suggests they serve only their own fame, they may be famous persons but not heroes. Madonna and Michael Jackson are famous, but who would claim that their fans find life more abundant?
Heroes are cantalysts(催化剂) for change. they have a vision from the mountain top. They have the skill and the charm to move the masses. They create new possibilities. Without Gandhi, India might still be part of the British Empire. Without Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King, Jr., we might still have segregated (隔离的) buses, restaurants, and parks. It may be possible for large scale change to occur without leaders with magnetic personalities, but the pace of change would be slow, the vision uncertain, and the committee meetings endless 【題組】11
.Although heroes may come from different cultures, they _____________________.
(A) generally process certain inspiring characteristics
(B) probably share some weaknesses of ordinary people
(C) are often influenced by previous generations
(D) all unknowingly attract a large number of fans
2.【題組】12.According to the passage, heroes are compared to high-voltage transformers in that _______ .
(A) they have a vision from the mountaintop
(B) they have a warm feelings and emotions
(C) they can serve as concrete examples of noble principles
(D) they can make people feel stronger and more confident
3.【題組】13.Madonna and Michael Jackson are not considered heroes because _________ .
(A) they are popular only among certain groups of people
(B) their performances do not improve their fans morally
(C) their primary concern is their own financial interests
(D) they are not clear about the principles they should follow
4.【題組】14.Gandhi and Martin Luther King are typical examples of outstanding leaders who ___________
(A) are good at demonstrating their charming characters
(B) can move the masses with their forceful speeches
(C) are capable of meeting all challenges and hardships
(D) can provide an answer to the problems of their people
5.【題組】15.The author concludes that historical changes would ________ .
(A) be delayed without leaders with inspiring personal qualities
(B) not happen without heroes making the necessary sacrifices
(C) take place if there were heroes to lead the people
(D) produce leaders with attractive personalities
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:
According to a survey, which was based on the responses of over 188,000 students , today’s traditionalage college freshmen are "more materialistic and less altruistic (利他主义的)" than at any time in the 17 years of the poll.
Not surprising in these hard times, the student’s major objective "is to be financially well off. Less important than ever is developing a meaningful philosophy of life." It follows then that today the most popular course is not literature or history but accounting.
Interest in teaching, social service and the "altruistic" fields is at a low. On the other hand, enrollment in business programs, engineering and computer science is way up.
That’s no surprise either. A friend of mine (a sales representative for a chemic al company) was making twice the salary of her college instructors her first yea r on the job-even before she completed her twoyear associate degree.
While it’s true that we all need a career, it is equally true that our civilization has accumulated an incredible amount of knowledge in fields far removed from our own and that we are better for our understanding of these other contributions- be they scientific or artistic. It is equally true that, in studying the diverse wisdom of others, we learn how to think. More important, perhaps, education teaches us to see the connections between things, as well as to see beyond our immediate needs.
Weekly we read of unions who went on strike for higher wages, only to drive their employer out of business. No company: no job. How shortsighted in the long run !
But the most important argument for a broad education is that in studying the ac cumulated wisdom of the ages, we improve our moral sense. I saw a cartoon recently which shows a group of businessmen looking puzzled as they sit around a conference table; one of them is talking on the intercom (对讲机)："Miss Baxter ," he says, "could you please send in someone who can distinguish right from wrong?" From the longterm point of view, that’s what education really ought to be about. 【題組】16
.According to the author’s observation, college students __________ .
(A) have never been so materialistic as today
(B) have never been so interested in the arts
(C) have never been so financially well off as today
(D) have never attached so much importance to moral sense
7.【題組】17.The students’ criteria for electing majors today have much to do with ________ .
(A) the influences of their instructors
(B) the financial goals they seek in life
(C) their own interpretations of the courses
(D) their understanding of the contributions of others
8.【題組】18.By saying "While it’s true that... be they scientific or artistic" (Lines 1-3, Para. 5),the author means that _____.
(A) business management should be included in educational programs
(B) human wisdom has accumulated at an extraordinarily high speed
(C) human intellectual development has reached new heights
(D) the importance of a broad education should not be overlooked
9.【題組】19.Studying the diverse wisdom of others can ________ .
(A) create varying artistic interests
(B) help people see things in their right perspective
(C) help improve connections among people
(D) regulate the behavior of modern people
10.【題組】20.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
(A) Businessmen absorbed in their career are narrowminded.
(B) Managers often find it hard to tell right from wrong.
(C) People engaged in technical jobs lead a more rewarding life.
(D) Career seekers should not focus on immediate interests only.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
New technology links the world as never before. Our planet has shrunk. It’s now a "global village" where countries are only seconds away by fax or phone satellite link. And, of course, our ability to benefit from this high-tech communications equipment is greatly enhanced by foreign language skills.
Deeply involved with this new technology is a breed of modern businesspeople who have a growing respect for the economic value of doing business abroad. In modern markets, success overseas often help support domestic business efforts.
Overseas assignments are becoming increasingly important to advancement within executive ranks. The executive stationed in another country no longer need fear being "out of sight and out of mind." He or she can be sure that the overseas effort is central to the company’s plan for success, and that promotions often follow or accompany an assignment abroad. If an employee can succeed in a difficult assignment overseas, superiors will have greater confidence in his or her ability to cope back in the United Sates where crosscultural considerations and foreign language issues are becoming more and more prevalent (普遍的).
Thanks to a variety of relatively inexpensive communications devices with business applications, even small businesses in the United States are able to get into international markets.
English is still the international language of business. But there is an evergrowing need for people who can speak another language. A second language isn’t generally required to get a job in business, but having language skills gives a candidate the edge when other qualifications appear to be equal.
The employee posted abroad who speaks the country’s principal language has an opportunity to fastforward certain negotiations, and can have the cultural insight to know when it is better to move more slowly. The employee at the home office who can communicate well with foreign clients over the telephone or by fax ma chine is an obvious asset to the firm. 【題組】21
.What is the author’s attitude toward high-tech communications equipment ?
12.【題組】22.With the increased use of high-tech communications equipment, business people __________.
(A) have to get familiar with modern technology
(B) are gaining more economic benefits from domestic operations
(C) are attaching more importance to their overseas business
(D) are eager to work overseas
13.【題組】23.In this passage, "out of sight and out of mind" (Lines 23, Para. 3) probably means ________ .
(A) being unable to think properly for lack of insight
(B) being totally out of touch with business at home
(C) missing opportunities for promotion when abroad
(D) leaving all care and worthy behind
14.【題組】24.According to the passage, what is an important consideration of international corporations in employing people today?
(A) Connections with business overseas.
(B) Ability to speak the client’s language.
(C) Technical knowhow.
(D) Business experience.
15.【題組】25.The advantage of employees having foreign language skills is that they can _______ .
(A) better control the whole negotiation process
(B) easily find new approaches to meet market needs
(C) fastforward their proposals to headquarters
(D) easily make friends with businesspeople abroad
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
In recent years, Israeli consumers have grown more demanding as they’ve become wealthier and more wordly-wise. Foreign travel is a national passion; this summer alone, one in 10 citizens will go abroad. Exposed to higher standards of service elsewhere, Israelis are returning home expecting the same. American firms have also begun arriving in large numbers. Chains such as KFC, McDonald’s and Pizza Hut are setting a new standard of customer service, using strict employee training and constant monitoring to ensure the friendliness of frontline staff. Even the American habit of telling departing customers to "Have a nice day" has caught on all over israel. "Nobody wakes up in the morning and say, ’Let’s be nicer,’" says Itsik Cohen, director of a consulting firm. "Nothing happens without competition."
Privatization, or the threat of it, is a motivation as well. Monopolies(垄断者) that until recently have been free to take their customers for granted now fear what Michael Perry, a marketing professor, calls "the revengeful(报复的) consumer." When ghe government opened up competition with Bezaq, the phone company, its international branch lost 40% of its market share, even while offering competitive rates. Says Perry, "People wanted revenge for all the years of bad service." The electric company, whose monopoly may be shortlived, has suddenly stopped requiring users to wait half a day for a repairman. Now, appointments are scheduled to the halfhour. The graceless EI Al Airlines, which is already at auction(拍卖), has retrained its employees to emphasize service and is boasting about the results in an ad campaign with the slogan, "You can f eel the change in the air." For the first time, praise out numbers complaints on customer survey sheets. 【題組】26
.It may be inferred from the passage that _________ .
(A) customer service in Israel is now improving
(B) wealthy Israeli customers are hard to please
(C) the tourist industry has brought chain stores to Israel
(D) Israel customers prefer foreign products to domestic ones
17.【題組】27.In the author’s view, higher service standards are impossible in Israel ________ .
(A) if customer complaints go unnoticed by the management
(B) unless foreign companies are introduced in greater numbers
(C) if there’s no competition among companies
(D) without strict routine training of employees
18.【題組】28.If someone in Israel today needs a repairman in case of a power failure, _________ .
(A) they can have it fixed in no time
(B) it’s no longer necessary to make an appointment
(C) the appointment takes only half a day to make
(D) they only have to wait half an hour at most
19.【題組】29.The example of El Al Airlines shows that ______________ .
(A) revengeful customers are a threat to the monopoly of enterprises
(B) an ad campaign is a way out for enterprises in financial difficulty
(C) a good slogan has great potential for improving service
(D) staff retraining is essential for better service
20.【題組】30.Why did Bezaq’s international brance lose 40% of its market share?
(A) Because the rates it offered were not competitive enough.
(B) Because customers were dissatisfied with its past service.
(C) Because the service offered by its competitors was far better.
(D) Because it no longer received any support from the government.
21.31Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part.For each sentence there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D).Choose the ONE answer that bestcompletes the sentence.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
.Such crimes may be so complex that months or years go by before anyone ________ them.
(B) will discover
(C) would have discovered
22.32.Though ______ in a big city, Peter always prefers to paint the primitive scenes of country life.
23.33.The careless man received a ticket for speeding. He _______ have driven so fast.
24.34.If people feel hopeless, they don’t bother to _______ the skills they need to succeed.
25.35.If I _______ harder at school, I would be sitting in a comfortable office now.
(B) were to work
(C) had worked
(D) were working
26.36.The shop assistant was dismissed as she was ________ of cheating customers .
27.37.All her energies are __________ upon her children and she seems to have little time for anything else.
28.38.While crossing the mountain area, all the men carried guns lest they _________ by wild animals.
(A) should be attacked
(B) had been attacked
(C) must be attacked
(D) would be attacked
29.39.Everyone should be ___________ to a decent standard of living and an opportunity to be educated.
30.40.His wife is constantly finding __________ with him, which makes him very angry.
31.41.Vitamins are complex ________ that the body requires in very small amounts .
32.42.Apart from caring for her children, she has to take on such heavy _____ housework as carrying water and firewood.
33.43.Anna was reading a piece of science fiction, completely _______ to the outside world.
(A) having been lost
(B) to be lost
34.44.The police are trying to find out the _______ of the woman killed in the traffic accident.
35.45.All human beings have a comfortable zone regulating the ______ they keep from someone they talk with.
36.46.We have planned an exciting publicity _______ with our advertisers.
37.47.________ the help of their group, we would not have succeeded in the investigation.
(B) Regardless of
(C) But for
38.48.______ much is known about what occurs during sleep, the precise function of sleep and its different stages remains largely in the realm of assumption.
39.49.John doesn’t believe in ______ medicine; he has some remedies of his own .
40.50.Owing to ________ competition among the airlines, travel expense have been reduced considerably.
41.51.They always give the vacant seats to comes first.
42.52.In Africa, educational costs are very low for those who are _________ enough to get into universities.
43.53.Professor Wang,_______ for his informative lectures, was warmly receive d by his students.
(B) to be known
(D) having known
44.54.Our manager is _______ an important customer now and he will be back this afternoon.
(A) calling on
(B) calling up
(C) calling in
(D) calling for
45.55.A fire engine must have priority as it usually has to deal with some kind of _______ .
46.56.He said that the driver must have had an accident; otherwise he _____ by then.
(A) would have arrived
(B) should arrive
(C) must have arrived
(D) would arrive
47.57.The film provides a deep _______ into a wide range of human qualities and feelings.
48.58.It is high time that such practices __________ .
(A) are ended
(B) be ended
(C) were ended
(D) must be ended
49.59.Urban crowdedness would be greatly relieved if only the _____ charged o n public transport were more reasonable.
50.60.The doctor had almost lost hope at one point, but the patient finally _________ .
(A) pulled out
(B) pulled up
(C) pulled through
(D) pulled over
51.Part Ⅳ Cloze (15 minutes)
Directions:There are 20 blanks in the following passage.For each blank there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D) on the right side of the paper.You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
&nbs, p; A language is a signaling system which operates with symbolic vocal sounds (语 声), and which is used by a group of people for the purpose of communication.
Let’s look at this 61 in more detail because it is language, more than anything else, 62 distinguishes man from the rest of the 63 world.
Other animals, it is true, communicate with one another by 64 of cries: for example, many birds utter 65 calls at the approach of danger; monkeys utter 66 cries, such as expressions of anger, fear and pleasure. 67 these various means of communication differ in important ways 68 human language. For instance, animals’ cries do not 69 thought s and feelings clearly. This means basically, that they lack structure. They lack the kind of structure that 70 us to divide a human utterance into 71 .
We can change an utterance by 72 one word in it with 73 : a good illustration of this is a soldier who can say, e.g ., "tanks approaching from the north", 74 who can change one word and say "aircraft approaching from the north" or "tanks approaching from the west"; but a bird has a single alarm cry, 75 means "danger!"
This is why the number of 76 that an animal can make is very limited: the great tit (山雀) is a case 77 point; it has about twenty different calls, 78 in human language the number of possible utterances is 79 . It also explai ns why animal cries are very 80 in meaning.