The mysteries of an ancient civilization on the island of Malta have recently drawn interest. The Temple Culture began
nearly 6,000 years ago and numbered several thousand people at most, far denser than the mainland Europe. Archeologists
want to understand the reasons behind this prosperity—and its eventual, sudden collapse.
By drilling earth cores and using carbon dating, an estimation can be placed on the period of the soil. Pollen grains are
individually analyzed to reveal nutrients in the soil. The islanders’ lifestyles are also assessed from tens of thousands of
human bones from a burial site.
From the findings, these people seemed to understand the importance of soil management to fend off starvation. They
reared dairy animals rather than prioritizing meat, mixed manure back into the soil and may even have carted soil washed
down to the valleys back uphill to refresh the upland fields.
Their demise may have occurred around 2350 BC, a period during which, according to tree ring analysis, the whole
region suffered a catastrophic climate event—possibly a dust cloud caused by a volcanic eruption. Although the
circumstances are still uncertain, the new discoveries have stirred up excitement regarding ancient agriculture, religion, and
lifestyles, opening doors to more knowledge about life from another era.
【題組】46. What is this article mainly about?
(A) New techniques used in archeology.
(B) Ideal plantation and livestock.
(C) Consequences of overpopulation.
(D) The rise and fall of an ancient culture.