6.6. The plant manager is considering buying a new grinding machine to replace the old one to ensure ______ with
the plant’s high-quality standards.
(A) thrift (B) compliance (C) resistance (D) illiteracy
7.7. The most recent reports from climate scientists give us only a decade to reduce carbon ______ by forty-five
percent to avoid the irreversible environmental destruction that will threaten all of humanity.
(A) emissions (B) emotions (C) enzyme (D) energy
17.17. With Christmas now rapidly ______, consumers increasingly jumped on their phones rather than standing in line.
Even when shoppers went to stores, they were now buying nearly 41% more online before going to the store to pick up.
(A) to approach (B) approaching (C) approached (D) approach
19.19. Waking up with a hangover can be awful. The intense headache coupled with random waves of nausea ______
usually enough to make you consider giving up drinking forever.
(A) are (B) being (C) is (D) to be
Our lives are connected to the climate. Human societies have adapted 31 the relatively stable climate
we have enjoyed since the last ice age. A warming climate will bring changes that can 32 our water
supplies, agriculture, power and transportation systems, the natural environment, and even our own health and
safety. Some changes to the climate are unavoidable. Carbon dioxide can stay in the atmosphere for nearly a
century. So, earth will continue to warm in the 33 decades. The warmer it gets, the greater the risk for
more 34 changes to the climate. Although it’s difficult to predict the exact impacts of climate change,
what’s clear is that the climate we are 35 to is no longer a reliable guide for what to expect in the future.
By making choices that reduce greenhouse gas pollution, we can reduce risks from climate change. 【題組】31. (A) at (B) on (C) in (D) to
Once limited to the professionals, sous vide is a cooking technique that utilizes precise temperature control to
deliver consistent, restaurant-quality results. High-end restaurants have been using sous vide cooking for years to
cook food to the exact 36 of doneness desired. The technique recently became popular for home cooks with the
availability of 37 and easy-to-use sous vide precision cooking equipment. Sous vide, which means “under
vacuum” in French, 38 to the process of vacuum-sealing food in a bag and then cooking it to a very precise
temperature in a water bath. This technique produces results that are 39 to achieve through any other cooking
method. The reason is that when using traditional methods of cooking, you don’t have complete 40 over heat
and temperature. Consequently, it’s very difficult and time-consuming to consistently cook great food. 【題組】36. (A) level (B) angle (C) definition (D) reason
Technology is rapidly altering every aspect of the lives of human beings and extending the changes towards
economic development. Today, the use of technology has penetrated all sectors in a country, from farming, food
processing, healthcare, marketing, resource management, communication, and transportation among others.
According to business experts, technology plays a pivotal role in the development of the economy with its numerous
changes contributing immensely to the growth of the economy in various ways.
Technology promotes the usage of natural resources. Different countries boast of a wide array of natural
resources found in various places in their environment especially below the earth surface. Due to the lack of
know-how and ability to detect and retrieve them, numerous countries struggle with sitting on economic treasures
such as minerals, oil, and land that are unutilized. However, technology alters this situation by providing various
machinery that enables businesses and the government to adequately access and utilize the natural resources
efficiently, benefitting businesses and boosting the overall economy of the country.
Technology elicits the saving of time. The utilization of technology such as computerization of data, use of
machinery to carry out different jobs, as well as utilization of the internet for communication readily alters the
dynamic and operation of a business. It does so by ensuring the utilization of machines powered by technology
decreases the production and delivery time of various goods. Additionally, the adoption of technologically fueled
communication through the internet ensures the customers can communicate with the production team on placing
urgent orders or making changes to orders within a limited period.
Utilization of technology results in saving of labor. Among the most expensive expense in business is the high
cost of labor. However, this has changed as many industries move away from human labor and adopt automation and
robotics in their businesses. Consequently, this has lessened the burden of work, thereby resulting in reduced number
of employees. 【題組】
41. Which of the following titles is proper for the passage?
(A) History of Industrial Revolution
(B) Development of Time Machine
(C) Role of Technology in Economic Development
(D) How to Use Dynamite in Mining
42.【題組】42. According to the passage, which of the following can cause inefficient access to natural resources?
(A) Using modern technology
(B) Using machinery
(C) Lacking tour guides
(D) Lacking know-how
43.【題組】43. According to the passage, which of the following can result in less employment of human labor?
(B) Lack of know-how
(C) Natural resources above ground
(D) Rich and famous boss
44.【題組】44. According to the passage, which of the following may contribute to the saving of time?
(A) Less communication among workers
(B) Employment of foreign workers
(C) Cutting expenses on labor force
(D) Communication through the internet
45.【題組】45. According to the passage, which of the following statements is correct?
(A) Technology disables access to natural resources.
(B) Technology is important in economic development.
(C) The cost of labor is trivial in business.
(D) Technology increases the time to produce goods.
46.第二篇： Humans first started creating music 500,000 years ago, yet speech and language was only developed 200,000
years ago. Evolutionary evidence, as interpreted by leading researchers, indicates that speech as a form of
communication has evolved from our original development and use of music. This explains why our music and
language neural networks significantly overlap, and why children who learn music become better at learning the
grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation of any language. There has been a growing interest in the advantages that come with learning foreign languages. There are many
languages that can benefit us in immense ways, from culture to trade—Chinese, Russian, Arabic, French and Spanish
to name but a few—and what better way to ensure your child can pick up all these languages than by teaching them
the master language that transcends all others: music.
Music training plays a key role in the development of a foreign language in its grammar, colloquialisms and
vocabulary. One recent study found that when children aged nine and under were taught music for just one hour a
week, they exhibited a higher ability to learn both the grammar and the pronunciation of foreign languages, compared
to their classmates who had learned a different extracurricular activity. Finnish children are commonly musically trained from a young age with a playful method, but they only start
school at age seven and start language learning at nine or older. Despite this "late exposure" to everything excluding
music skills, they commonly end up speaking three to five foreign languages. Any English-speaking person who has
ever visited Finland can attest to the fact that nearly every Finnish person speaks English without any problems.
Take Ken Stringfellow, the American singer-songwriter, as an example of the impact of music on the ability to
learn foreign languages. Ten years ago, well into his thirties, he married a French woman and subsequently picked up
a whole new language from scratch. People recording with him in Paris were often amazed at how he had learned it
so well without any prior background, but the research explains it. As a musician who made music from toddlerhood,
he would have significantly boosted his brain’s capacity for learning the syntax, semantics and pronunciation of any
new language in adulthood. 【題組】
46. What is the passage mainly about?
(A) The connection between music and language learning
(B) Why Finland is such a strong country
(C) How speaking foreign languages can benefit us
(D) The history of human languages
47.【題組】47. Which of the following is true about Finnish people?
(A) Most of them are musicians.
(B) Most adults can speak foreign languages.
(C) They mostly start learning languages from a young age.
(D) They mostly end up becoming recording artists.
48.【題組】48. Why does the author mention Ken Stringfellow in the last paragraph?
(A) To introduce his achievements in the music industry
(B) To show the author’s opinions on American music
(C) To illustrate the relationship between music training and language learning
(D) To emphasize the importance of sending children to top music schools
49.【題組】49. Which of the following is supported by the passage?
(A) Some languages like Chinese and Russian are extremely complicated in grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation.
(B) Music training might benefit children in learning the pronunciation of a new language.
(C) Finnish children are more talented in music than those from other countries.
(D) Finnish adults often learn music and foreign languages at the same time.
50.【題組】50. Which of the following statements would the author most probably agree with?
(A) Finland is a better place than the U.S.to raise children.
(B) People who have a foreign spouse will learn foreign languages better.
(C) Parents should have their children take language lessons as early as possible.
(D) Early music training contributes to people’s capacity to learn a foreign language.