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II. Contextual Vocabulary (8%) ( A ) bolster ( B ) facilitate ( C ) hamper ( D ) exacerbate
(E) disparage (AB) ameliorate (AC) disseminate (AD) proliferate

【題組】20. Instead of solving the problem, his actions only served to ____D____ it.


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 【站僕】摩檸Morning:有沒有達人來解釋一下?
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7Rose 國一下 (2024/06/29):
 Instead of solving the problem, his actions only served to _____ it.
 
他的行動不僅沒有解決問題,反而______它。
 

(C) hamper

中文意思:妨礙,阻礙

常見搭配詞:hamper progress (阻礙進展), hamper development (妨礙發展) 例句:His actions may hamper efforts to solve the problem. (他的行動可能會阻礙解決問題的努力。)

英文相關同義詞:hinder, impede, obstruct 反義詞:facilitate, aid, assist

(D) exacerbate

中文意思:加劇,使惡化

常見搭配詞:exacerbate a problem (加劇問題), exacerbate tensions (加劇緊張局勢) 例句:His actions only served to exacerbate the problem. (他的行動不僅沒有解決問題,反而加劇了它。)

英文相關同義詞:worsen, aggravate, intensify 反義詞:ameliorate, improve, alleviate

(E) disparage

中文意思:貶低,誹謗

常見搭配詞:disparage someone's efforts (貶低某人的努力), disparage a project (貶低一個項目) 例句:His actions served to disparage the team's efforts. (他的行動貶低了團隊的努力。)

英文相關同義詞:belittle, denigrate, deprecate 反義詞:praise, commend, laud

(AB) ameliorate

中文意思:改善,改進

常見搭配詞:ameliorate conditions (改善條件), ameliorate a situation (改善情況) 例句:His actions aimed to ameliorate the problem. (他的行動旨在改善問題。)

 英文相關同義詞:improve, enhance, better 反義詞:worsen, degrade, deteriorate

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