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135.國家理論、結構主義學派
(A)Poulantzas
(B)Foucult
(C)Gramsci----P.105
編輯私有筆記
答案:A
難度:適中
最佳解!
Shirley Liu 小六下 (2011/03/09 18:26)
希臘的新馬克思主義理論家尼科斯·普蘭察斯(Nicos Poulantzas) 他認為資本主義國家並非永遠依照著統治階級的利益行動,即使是在這種情況發生時,也並非是國家的官員有意這樣做的,而是因為國家的「結構」位置安排會確保資本的長.....看完整詳解
12F
Paul Shih 高二上 (2012/06/19 13:03)
從英文百科中,看出他原來是列寧主義(衝突),後來轉成馬克斯結構主義,最終成歐洲共同體主義(結構功能)。衝突是搞鬥爭,結構功能剛好相反,兩者不能混淆~
13F
Paul Shih 高二上 (2012/06/19 17:49)
馬克斯主義原是衝突,為什麼是結構功能?
英文百科:Toward the middle of the 1970s and throughout the 1980s, Marxist theorists began to develop structuralist Marxist accounts of the state, law, and crime. Structuralist Marxism disputes the instrumentalist view that the state can be viewed as the direct servant of the capitalist or ruling class. Whereas the instrumentalist position argues that the institutions of the state are under the direct control of those members of the capitalist class in positions of state power, the structuralist perspective takes the position that the institutions of the state must function in such a way as to ensure ongoing viability of capitalism more generally. Another way that Marxists put this is that the institutions of the state must function so as to reproduce capitalist society as a whole.
從上面可看出,一些馬克斯主義變成馬克斯結構主義是在1970中期,但他們和工具主義不同,他們希望制度有功能,保證資本的持續。
新馬克斯主義Neo-arxism是衝突?還是結構功能?
Neo-Marxism is a loose term for various twentieth-century approaches that amend or extend Marxism and Marxist theory.
新馬克斯主義自己仍是一團謎,大概各有自己的意見~
可能大家都是各自解謎吧~
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加油 國三下 (2013/02/04 19:49)

帕森斯不是也是結構功能嗎?