主題:101年公務人員普通考試試題-法學知識與英文


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Together with the gorilla[1], the chimpanzee[2] is our closest cousin in the animal world. Most people feel an immediate kinship[3] with his great ape, with its large range of facial gestures, body postures, and expressive sounds. The chimp has a skill once attributed only to humans but now known to occur in various animal groups --- the use of simple tools. The chimp even makes its own tools for specific purposes. It will take a leafy twig[4] and strip[5] the leaves to make a long, thin stick for use as a termite[6] catcher. The chimp pokes[7] it through a narrow entrance into a termite nest, then it extracts the stick and licks off the juicy termites. Chimps also crush leaves in their palms for use as sponges. They hold the leaves in water that they cannot reach with their mouths, such as that in a hollow log[8]. Then they extract the leafy sponge and suck the moisture from it. Like the young gorillas and humans, baby chimps have a long childhood, up to ten years in some cases. During this time, they find out how to feed and groom[9] themselves, avoid danger, and communicate with other members of their group. Their behavior is partly instinctive[10]. They also learn by observing other members of the group, and through trial and error.       [1] KK:[vQtqapQ]   n.[C]1. 大猩猩     [2] KK:[ufXamd@ntl`]   n.1. 【動】黑猩猩     [3] KK:[thanXad]   n.[U]   1. 親屬關係, 家屬關係[(+with)]   2. (性質等的)類似; 親密關係[S1][(+with/between)]   I feel a strong kinship with him.   我覺得與他十分投契。     [4] KK:[frav]   n.   1. 細枝, 嫩枝   He made a fire with dry twigs.   他用乾樹枝生火。   2. (神經、血管等的)小支脈   3. 占卜杖     [5] KK:[kfqad]   vt.   1. 剝, 剝去, 剝光[(+of/off/from)]   The children stripped off their clothes and jumped into the river.   孩子們脫掉衣服跳進河裡。   2. 奪去, 剝奪; 掠奪[(+of)]   It was wrong of him to strip his daughter of the right to education.   他不該剝奪他女兒受教育的權利。     [6] KK:[tfPmAaf]   n.1. 【昆】白蟻     [7] KK:[dch]   vt.   1. 戳, 捅[(+in/with)]   He poked me in the ribs with his elbow.   他用胳膊肘捅了捅我的肋部。   2. 把...戳(或插)向, 把...指(或伸)向[O]   He poked a stake into the earth.   他把一根樁子插進地裡。   3. 撥弄; 攪動   She was on her knees, poking the fire.   她跪在地上撥火。     [8] KK:[pOv]   n.[C]   1. 圓木; 原木; 木料   The cabin was built of logs.   這小屋是用原木建造的     [9]KK:[vqbm] vt.   1. 照料(馬等)   2. 使整潔; 打扮[H]   He groomed himself carefully for the party.   他為晚會仔細地打扮了一番。   3. 準備, 推薦[(+for)][+to-v]   The lawyer was being groomed as a candidate for mayor.   律師正在準備競選市長。   vi.1. 打扮, 穿戴       [10] KK:[antkfaVhfaj]   a.   1. (出於)本能的; (出於)天性的; (來自)直覺的   She had an instinctive taste for music.   她性喜音樂。   Climbing is instinctive in monkeys.   猴子攀爬出於本能。

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關鍵字:stripsuch astermiteTogether with twigwith tobehaviorchimpanzeegorilla