主題:101年公務人員普通考試試題英文


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Some of the most interesting words in English are the actual names of the people first involved in the activities suggested by the meanings of the words. The word boycott,___39___, derives from[1] the case of Sir Charles Boycott (1832-97), a land agent in Ireland whose tenants[2] expelled[3] him because he refused to lower their rents. Vidkun Ouisling's name quickly became an infamous addition to the English language during World War II. He was a Norwegian politician who betrayed his country to the Nazis, and his name, quisling[4], means ___40____. Perhaps the most common example is the word sandwish, ___41____ the fourth Earl of Sandwish (1718-92), who created this quick portable[5] meal so that he would not have to leave the gambling table to eat.       [1] KK:[gatqAaj]   vt.   1. 取得, 得到[(+from)]   She derives great pleasure from her stamp collection.   她從集郵中獲得很大樂趣。   2. 衍生出, 導出[(+from)]   Many English words are derived from Latin.   許多英文字源於拉丁語。   3. 引申出, 推知[(+from)]   vi.   1. 起源, 由來[(+from)]   This English word derives from French.   這個英文字源於法語。   2. 衍生, 導出[(+from)]     [2] KK:[tfUnQnf]   n.[C]   1. 房客; 佃戶; 承租人   Do you own the house or are you a tenant?   你是擁有這幢房子還是租住的?   2. 住戶, 居住者   Birds are tenants of the trees.   鳥兒棲息在樹林之中。   vt.   1. 租, 租賃[H]   This house is tenanted by an immigrant from Asia.   這所房屋為一個來自亞洲的移民所租住。   2. 居住於[H]   That old house has not been tenanted for many years.   那幢老房子已經多年無人居住了。     [3] KK:[ahtkdUp]   vt.[(+from)]   1. 驅逐, 趕走   They expelled the journalist from their country.   他們把這個記者驅逐出境。   2. 排出; 噴出(空氣等)   Water is sucked in at one end and expelled at the other.   水從一端吸進去從另一端排出來。   3. 把...除名, 開除   He was expelled from the club.   他被俱樂部除名了。     [4] KK:[thralxaV]   n.1. 賣國賊     [5] KK:[tdcqfQex]   a.   1. 便於攜帶的, 手提式的; 輕便的   He found that little TV extremely portable.   他覺得那臺小小的電視機攜帶極其方便。   I bought my son a portable typewriter.   我給兒子買了一臺手提式打字機。   n.   1. 手提式製品; 手提式打字機(或電腦, 收音機, 電視機等)[C]   My sister's TV is a portable.   我妹妹的電視機是手提式的。    

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