主題:few, little, a few, a little 的用法


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few, little, a few, a little 先看看few跟little使用上的差異,主要是所形容的對象是何種名詞 (記憶法:few的字數少於little,少到算得出來,多到無法計算) few + 可數名詞(countable) little + 不可數名詞(uncountable/mass) 範例 1: There is still a little time left for the team to score an equalizer.(正確的句子) There is still a few time left for the team to score an equalizer.(錯誤的句子) 由於time是屬於不可數名詞,所以必需使用little來形容time,本句的意思是「還剩下很少時間讓球隊扳平」 範例 2: There were a few children in the playground.(遊樂場內只有數個小孩) 再來看看有加冠詞a跟沒有冠詞a的差異 (記憶法:a few比few多一個字a,當然就多一些些囉.少到一直被否定,多到大家都肯定) a few / a little - 具有肯定的含義,還有一些的意思,勉強夠用(positive) few / little - 為否定含義,剩沒多少,根本不夠用(negative) 範例 1: I have a little money, enough for a hamburger.(我有一點點錢,吃一個漢堡包還可以) I have little money, not enough for a hamburger.(我只有很少錢,連吃一個漢堡包也不夠) 範例 2:(a little只是說明數量較少,而little則強調數量少得可憐,少到不符人們的期望) A little progress was made on the peace talk.(和談取得一點點進展)此句尚算是正面的評價. Little progress was made on the peace talk.(和談取得極少進展)此句則是負面評價囉. 範例 3: A few visitors were allowed to enter the parliament building.(數個訪客獲准進入國會大樓) Few visitors were allowed to enter the parliament building.(甚少訪客獲准進入國會大樓) 範例 4: I have a little wine.(我有一些紅酒)意思是所擁有的紅酒還夠請人喝. I have little wine.(我有一點紅酒)意思是自己喝都不夠了. reference:http://stenlyho.blogspot.tw/2009/07/few-little-few-little.html

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關鍵字: littlea fewa littlefew