The syntactic bootstrapping hypothesis (Landau & Gleitman 1985, Gleitman 1990, Gillette et al. 1999), which corresponds to the latter of these two possibilities, depends crucially on these mapping rules. The central claim of this theory is that children can observe the syntactic structures in which a novel verb occurs and then use that distributional information and the mapping rules (coupled with observation of the real-world context of use) to infer important information about the meaning of the verb: if a verb is used in X way, then it must be describing Y event or Y perspective on some event. 主要是在說小孩對"字彙"學習的方式,以以語法形式來推想詞意 小孩可以根據一個字在句法中使用的情形,利用他擁有的句法知識來推測這個字其他更多的使用方式. 例如: http://www.lsu.edu/cdlab/projects/sli/video2.html These video clips are from stimuli that were used in a study published by Oetting (1999). The study examined the syntactic bootstrapping skills of children with SLI to interpret and retain the meanings of novel verbs. Syntactic bootstrapping is the ability to use the surrounding grammar of a sentence to “hone in” on the meaning of a novel verb. Consider the first clip of the monkey and bear and suppose you heard the word Kibbing while you viewed it. What does kibbing..