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主題:彰化銀行102年新進人員甄試試題


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聆聽自己喜愛的音樂有助於中風患者恢復心理功能,使他們沮喪和迷茫,芬蘭研究人員發現。這項研究由神經科學家與音樂治療師一起工作,是第一次中風後不久,聽音樂,可以有具體的治療效果,“我們的研究表明,聽音樂,在這個關鍵時期,可以提高認知恢復和第一次防止消極情緒,“研究的研究員鐵炮Sarkamo,博士生,芬蘭赫爾辛基大學的學生,在一個新聞發布會上說。 Sarkamo和同事隨機分配60音樂組,語言組或對照組的中風患者。所有患者均接受標準的中風康復治療。那些在音樂組提供任何音樂流派與自己喜愛的音樂CD播放器和CD。那些在語言組得到了錄音機和磁帶上的書籍,而在對照組聽什麼。 分配到的音樂和語言組的患者被告知磁帶上聽音樂CD或書籍,每天至少一個小時的頭兩個月後,他們的行程。所有患者不停地聽日記,醫院工作人員和管理員鼓勵聽,必要時,幫助患者工作的CD /磁帶播放機,“我們發現,3個月後,改善中風後的第一週,60%的中風,言語記憶音樂的聽眾,音頻圖書聽眾的18%,29%,非聽眾,“Sarkamo說。 “同樣,集中注意力的能力,控制和執行心理操作和解決提高17%的音樂聽眾的響應之間的衝突,但沒有改善,觀察音頻書的聽眾和非聽眾。” 托馬伊諾,音樂療法在貝斯亞伯拉罕在紐約家庭健康服務的高級副總裁說,芬蘭研究人員是成功的,因為他們仔細地尋找音樂,發現病人既有趣和情感刺激。“這項研究顯示的是,只是聽的東西,持有您的關注和動作可以改善功能受損的大腦區域。“   ********************************************** Listening to their favorite music helps stroke patients recover mental function and makes them less depressed and confused, Finnish researchers find. The study, by neuroscientists working together with music therapists, is the first to show that listening to music soon after stroke can have specific treatment effects.“Our research shows for the first time that listening to music during this crucial period can enhance cognitive recovery and prevent negative mood,” study researcher Teppo Sarkamo, a doctoral student at the University of Helsinki, Finland, said in a news release. Sarkamo and colleagues randomly assigned 60 stroke patients to a music group, a language group, or a control group. All patients received standard stroke rehabilitation treatment. Those in the music group were provided with CD players and CDs of their favorite music in any musical genre. Those in the language group got tape players and books on tape, and those in the control group listened to nothing. Patients assigned to the music and language groups were told to listen to music CDs or books on tape for at least one hour every day for the first two months after their stroke. All patients kept listening diaries; hospital staff and caretakers encouraged listening and, when necessary, helped patients work the CD/tape players.“We found that three months after the stroke, verbal memory improved from the first week post-stroke by 60% in music listeners, by 18% in audio-book listeners, and by 29% in non-listeners,” Sarkamo says. “Similarly, focused attention- the ability to control and perform mental operations and resolve conflicts amo..

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