Audio-lingualism is a method of foreign language teaching where the emphasis is on learning grammatical and phonological structure, especially for speaking and listening. It is based on behaviourism and so relies on formation as a basis for learning, through a great deal of mechanical repetition. Example The teacher spends most of the time in the class drilling the learners on grammatical and phonological structures. Error correction is also important. In the classroom Audio-lingualism evolved in the context of large-scale language teaching programmes in the 1950s and 60s. It is unusual in modern language learning and has largely fallen out of use as a methodology, as cognitive views of language learning and communicative accounts of language have led to other methodologies.