主題:Learning Strategies


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在這位老師的部落格發現他整理的很詳細,在此引用:http://www.wretch.cc/blog/mandyinin/22633966 In the following are the simple illustrations of Oxford's six Language Learning Strategies (LLSs): 1. Memory Strategies. Memory strategies can help learners store and retrieve new information, and they include:    - Creating mental linkages,    - Applying images and sounds,   - Reveiwing well,   - Employing action.   ◎"Take CARE of your memory, and your memory will take CARE of you (Oxford, 1990, p.38)." 2. Cognitive Strategies. Cognitive strategies enable learners to understand and produce new languages in different ways, such as:  - Practicing, - Receiving and sending messages, - Analyzing and reasoning, - Creating structure for input and output. ◎"Cognitive strategies are PRACtical for language learning (Oxford, 1990, p.43)." 3. Compensation Strategies. Compensation strategies enable learners to comprehend and produce a new language in spite of lacking knowledge in this language. - Guessing intelligently, - Overcoming limitations in speaking and writing. ◎"Language learners can GO far with compensation strategies (Oxford, 1990, p.47)." 4. Metacognitive Strategies. Metacognitive strategies, which exceed cognition, supply learners with three ways of coordinating their process of learning a new language:  - Centering your learning, - Arranging and Planning your learning, - Evaluating your learning. ◎"Metacognitive strategies make language learning more CAPE-able (Oxford, 1990, p.136)." 5. Affective Strategies. Affective strategies provide learners with several ways of controlling their emotions, regulating their motivations, and improving their learning attitudes: - Lowering your anxiety, - Encouraging yourself, - Taking your emotional temperature.  ◎"Affective strategies help language learners LET their hair down (Oxford, 1990, p.140)." 6. Social Strategies. Social strategies can assist learners' learning through communication and interactions with people. - Asking questions, - Cooperating with others, - Empathizing with others.   ◎ACE language learners use social strategies (Oxford, 1990, p.145)." References: Oxford, R. L. (1990). Language learning strategies: what every teacher should know. Boston: Heinle & Heinle Publishers.

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